Syzygium zeylanicum

Syzygium zeylanicum (L.) DC. (MYRTACEAE)
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Common names
Kannada:  Kunnerael, Bilinerale.
Malayalam: Pula.

Description:  Trees; bark pale brown. Leaves opposite, ovate or eltiptic–lanceloate, 7-9 x 2.5-3.2 cm, acuminate, rounded or narrowed at base, acuminate at apex, coriaceous, upper surface black when dry; petiole up to 5 mm long.  Cymes panicled, axillary and terminal.  Flowers small, in axillary and terminal many-flowered paniculate cymes, in clusters of 3-5 at the ends of the cyme branches, white.  Calyx tube funnel shaped; lobes 4-5, distinct.  Petals 4-5, orbicular, usually calyptrate. Staminal disc absent. Stamens numerous. Ovary inferior, 2-locular. Fruit a berry, globose, ca 8 mm across, pure white.  Seed solitary.

Flowering and Fruiting: February – May.

Distribution: India: Western Peninsula, Orissa, Silhit. Frequent in forest undergrowth of upper Western Ghats, 600 – 900 m. Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Borneo and Malaya.

Uses: Fruits edible. Timber used for construction and agricultural implements. The bark is a source of a black dye.  Plant stimulant, used in rheumatism, syphilis, uterine problems; decoction of leaf and root used as vermifuge.