Syzygium caryophyllatum (L.) Alston

Syzygium caryophyllatum (L.) Alston (MYRTACEAE)
Common names
Kannada - Kuntala, Kuntu nerale.

Description:  Small trees; bark smooth, grey.  Leaves opposite, elliptic - obovate, up to 11 x 6 cm, narrowed at base, obtuse or subacute at apex, coriaceous; tertiary veins prominently elevated on lower surface; petiole ca 5 mm long.  Flowers small, in terminal corymbose cymes, white, fragrant. Calyx tube turbinate, obscurely 4-lobed. Petals 4 (or 5), connate into a calyptra. Staminal disc absent. Stamens numerous. Ovary inferior, 2-locular. Fruit a berry, globose, ca  0.5 cm across, purple when ripe. Seed solitary.

Flowering : May – June.
Fruiting    : June – September.

Distribution: India: Common on laterite soil from coast to 900 m usually in open places. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Sri Lanka.

Uses: Fruits are edible. Tender leaves are used in gargles.