Spondias pinnata (L. f.) Kurz

Spondias pinnata (L. f.) Kurz (ANACARDIACEAE)
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Common names
Kannada: Amate mara, Ambate mara, Kaadu amate.
Tulu: Ambatte mara.
Malayalam: Manpuli.
Tamil: Pullipulanh.
Telugu: Kondamanidi.
English: Hog-plum.

Description:  Deciduous trees, 20-25 m tall with smooth, grey bark. Leaves usually crowded at the ends of the branches, alternate, imparipinaate, 18-50 cm long; petioles 5-15 cm long; leaflets 4-5 pairs, subopposite, elliptic-oblong, 6-18x5-8.5 cm, obliquely rounded at base, caudate-acuminate at apex, entire, membranous or subcoriaceous, nerves parallel meeting in an intra-marginal nerve; petiolules up to 1 cm long.  Flowers polygamous, in 14-28 cm long panciles, greenish-white.  Calyx 5-lobed, lobes triangular, pubescent.  Petals 5, glabrous.  Stamens 10.  Disc deeply 5-lobed, thick, fleshy.  Ovary 5-celled, superior, sessile.  Fruit a drupe, ovoid-oblong, 1.5-5x1-3.5 cm, yellow; pulp soft, acidic, aromatic; stone woody, hard, rough with irregular furrows and cavities.  Seeds usually 1, more rarely 2 or 3.

Flowering &  Fruiting: April – December.

Distribution: India: Widely distributed in deciduous forests ascending up to 1650 m inHimalayas.  Uttara Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andaman Islands. Pakistan, Nepal, Myanmar, Sri Lanka,Java, Philippines, Malay Penisular and Thailand.

Uses: The fruit is eaten and used in curry. Wood not strong, employed for packing-cases, tea-chests, floats, canoes, boats, match splints and non-ornamental plywood.   The bark is used for tanning. Root used for regulating menstruation; bark used in dysentery, rheumatism; gum demulcent; leaf used in earache; fruit antiscorbutic and astringent. In Ayurveda the fruit is used in debility, thirst, tuberculosis, blood disorders and for alleviating vata and kapha.