Sapium insigne (Royle) Benth. & Hook. f.

Sapium insigne (Royle) Benth. & Hook. f. (EUPHORBIACEAE)
Common names
Kannada: Kannu pade.
Tulu: Kanappati.
Tamil: Sakkarakkalli.

Description:  Small deciduous trees up to 8 m tall; juice milky. Leaves opposite, crowded at the ends of branchlets, elliptic, oblong-lanceolate to obovate, attenuate at base, acute to acuminate at apex with crenate-serrate margin, bright green; petioles up to 5 cm long, glandular. Flowers appearing when the tree is bare of leaves, in terminal, up to 20 cm long, robust spikes; the female spike much thickened in fruit. Male flowers in sessile clusters, several in each bract; female flowers solitary in each bract. Perianth lobes 2 or 3. Stamens 2; filaments free. Ovary glabrous; styles 3. Capsules ovoid, ca 0.9 cm in diam; fleshy. Seeds orbicular.

Flowering : January.
Fruiting: March – April.

Distribution: India: Himalayas from Simla and Kumaon, Assam and Western Peninsula.Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh.

Uses: Wood  very soft and spongy, suitable for floats, packing-cases, toys, drums, sandals and matchboxes. Milky juice acrid and vesicant.