Sapindus trifolius L.

Sapindus trifolius L. (SAPINDACEAE)
Common names
Kannada: Antavaala, Nore kaayi.
Malayalam: Pasakotta.
Tamil: Manippungu, Puchikottai

Description:  Trees, up to 10 m tall. Leaves alternate, paripinnate; leaflets subopposite, 2-4 pairs, lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, up to 17.5 x 10 cm, acute or rounded at base, acuminate at apex. Flowers polygamous, in terminal rusty-pubescent panicles, white. Sepals 5 in 2 series, pubescent without. Petals 5, shortly clawed, furnished with 2 scales at the base, white-villous on both sides. Disc with hirsute margin. Stamens 8. Fruit a schizocarp of 1-3 indehiscent  cocci, ca 1.5 x 1.2 cm, densely villous when young. Seeds black.

Flowering & Fruiting : September  - March.

Distribution: India: In deciduous, semi-evergreen and evergreen forests.  Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Pakistan, Sri Lanka.

Uses: Fruits are used as a substitute for soap, especially for washing clothes. Root-bark and fruit given internally as emetic, tonic, anthelmintic, alexipharmic, purgative, nauseant and as errhine, used in epilepsy, asthma, hysteria and hemicrania; fruit is used in leprosy, pruritus, boils and as abortifacient.