Ochreinauclea missionis

Ochreinauclea missionis  (Wallich ex G. Don) Ridsd. (RUBIACEAE)
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Common names
Kannada: Anavu.
Malayalam & Tamil: Attuvanji, Neer vanji.
Sanskrit: Jaladamsha.

Description:  Trees, up to 20 m tall with smooth brown bark. Leaves opposite, elliptic-lanceolate, 10-18 x 4-7 cm, acute at base, rounded to acute at apex, glabrous, shining above, nerves 10-12 pairs; petioles ca 1.5 cm long; stipules persistent. Flowers crowded in globose, usually solitary, terminal heads, yellowish-white, fragrant. Calyx tube turbinate, tomentose, lobes 5. Corolla tube, funnel-shaped, tomentose, lobes 5. Stamens 5, on the throat of the corolla. Ovary 2-locular; style filiform; stigma capitate. Fruit a fleshy globose, mass of 2-celled pyrenes, yellow when ripe. Seeds many, ovoid.

Flowering : April  – August.
Fruiting : October – December.

Distribution:
 India: West coast, in Malabar and Travancore, up to 500 m, on river banks.

Uses: Stem-bark antileprotic, antirheumatic, in constipation, ulcers; root, root bark antirheumatic, in skin diseases, eye diseases, dropsy, piles, fever, jaundice, oedema and haemophilic disorders.