Moullava spicata (Dalz.) Nicolson

Moullava spicata (Dalz.) Nicolson  (CAESALPINIACEAE)
Common names
Kannada: Gajjiga balli.

Description:  Robust woody climbers with scattered, recurved prickles. Leaves bipinnate, rachis 20-35 cm long; pinnae 4-6 pairs, 7-13 cm long; leaflets 5-7 pairs, oblong, ca 4 x 2 cm, rounded to slightly cordate at base, subacute or rounded at apex. Flowers in 35 – 50 cm long narrow racemes; rachis brown pubescent. Calyx red, densely puberulous. Petals 5, obovate – spathulate, 7-9 mm long, yellow. Stamens 10, alternately long and short; filaments densely pilose at base. Ovary densely pubescent. Pods linear-oblong, swollen above the seeds and constructed between them,  sutures thickened. Seeds 2-4, obovate-oblong, ca 8x1.5 cm, testa hard, thick.

Flowering &  Fruiting:  November - March.

Distribution: India: Frequent in Western Ghats. Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala. Endemic.

Uses:  Roots are used in pneumonia and the bark in skin diseases.