Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planchon

Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planchon (ULMACEAE)
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Common names
Kannada: Rasbeeja, Thavasai.
Tulu: Raavu beeja.
Tamil: Aya, Tambachi.
Telugu: Thapasi, Nauli.

Description: Deciduous trees, 15-20 m tall with grey, pustular bark. Leaves alternate, distichous, elliptic, oblong or elliptic-ovate, 8-13 x 3-6 cm, rounded or cordate at base, acute or acuminate at apex, glabrous, penninerved; main nerves 5-7 pairs; petioles 0.5 – 1.5 cm long; stipules lateral. Flowers polygamous in short racemes or fascicles at the scars of fallen leaves, brownish. Perianth simple, calycine, lobes 4, unequal. Stamens 4-8 (often 6 or 7); filaments erect; anthers pubescent, hairy. Ovary 1-locular; style short, bi-fid. Fruit a samara, indehiscent, orbicular, flat, wingsca 2.5 cm in diam., membranous. Seed solitary, flat.

Flowering &  Fruiting: January – April.

Distribution: India: Western Peninsula. Occasional in deciduous hill forests of Deccan, E. slopes of Western Ghats. Sri Lanka, Indo-China.

Uses:  The leaves and young fruits are eaten. Wood light yellow, moderately heavy, used for brush backs and handles of dusting brooms, indoor building purposes, cheap furniture, cabinet work, carving, ploughs, yokes, carts and carriages, combs, shoe heels, mathematical instruments, warper bobbins for jute mills, cotton reels and dugout boats. The wood is also suitable for plywood, packing cases, slate frames, multi-ply jute bobbins, and matchboxes and splints. The wood is used as fuel and for making charcoal. The wood is used for paper pulp. The bark may be pulped and made into hardboards and insulation boards. The bark is used in tuberculosis, piles, fistula, abdominal diseases, leprosy, polyuria and vomiting.