Holigarna grahamii (Wight) Kurz

Holigarna grahamii (Wight) Kurz (ANACARDIACEAE)
Common names
Malayalam: Bipti, Balwali.

Description: Trees, up to 30 m tall; young branches tomentose.  Leaves alternate, crowded at the ends of branchlets, oblanceolate, 23-35x8-23 cm,  narrowed below the middle, cuneate at base, shortly acuminate at apex, rusty - pubescent  beneath; petiole up to 4 cm long, with 1-2 pairs of spurs. Flowers in up to 35 cm long, rusty tomentose panicles, unisexual. Calyx 5-lobed. Petals 5. Male flowers 2 mm across, sessile, greenish white. Staments 5.  Disc 5-lobed, cupular. Female flowers 8 mm across. Ovary inferior, 1-loculed; styles 3.  Fruit a drupe, obliquely ovoid, 1.5-2 x 1-1.5 cm, partly enclosed by  hypocarp,  rusty tomentose. Seed solitary.    
Flowering & Fruiting: January - May.

Distribution: India: Moist deciduous to evergreen forests of Western Ghats.Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Endemic. A threatened species.