Dalbergia latifolia Roxb. 

Dalbergia latifolia Roxb. (PAPILIONACEAE)
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Common names
Kannada: Beete mara.
Malayalam: Cholavitti.
Tamil: Eravadi.
English: Indian rose wood.

Description: Deciduous trees,10-20 m tall with grey bark. Leaves imparipinnate, 20-25 cm; rachis glabrous; leaflets 5-7, elliptic-orbicular curved to the petiole at base, obtuse or emarginated  at apex, glabrous on both sides; petiolules 0.5 – 0.8 cm long. Flowers in axillary or extra axillary corymbose panicles. Calyx 5-lobed, teeth linear oblong, obtuse, glabrous. Petals 5 with long claws, yellowish white. Stamens 9, monadelphous. Ovary stalked, glabrous. Fruit a indehiscent pod, oblong, ca 8 x 1.5 cm, slightly narrowed at both ends, flat, reticulated, glabrous. Seeds 1-3 (rarely 4), reniform, black.

Flowering &  Fruiting:  August – October.

Distribution: India: Western peninsula. Frequent in moist deciduous to semi-evergreen forests of Western Ghats.  Indomalesia.

Uses:  Wood extremely hard, heavy, the heartwood dark purple with black streaks. It is the rosewood of southern India, chiefly used for furniture and commands a very high price in the market. Leaves used as fodder. Plant bitter tonic, anthelmintic, stomachic, used in diarrhoea, dyspepsia and obsesity.