Canthium dicoccum

Canthium dicoccum (Gaertner) Teys. & Binn. var. umbellatum(Wight) Santapau & Merch.  (RUBIACEAE)
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Common names
 Kannada: Amme mara, Amme hannu.
Tamil: Nallamanthanam.

Description: Unarmed trees, 8-10 m tall with grey smooth bark. Leaves opposite, elliptic-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 8-15 x 3-5 cm, acute at base, shortly acuminate at apex, glabrous; petioles ca 1 cm long. Flowers in dense, axillary umbellate cymes, white. Calyx pubescent, lobes 5. Corolla-tube short, lobes 5, reflexed, white. Stamens 5, attached to the throat of corolla; filaments short, white-hairy near the base. Ovary 2-locular; style short, glabrous; stigma capitate. Fruit a drupe, obovoid, ca 1.5 cm across. Seeds 2, oblong.

Flowering & Fruiting : November - February.

Distribution: India: In evergreen and dry evergreen forests of south India, hilly regions, up to 2000 m. Myanmar.

Uses:  Bark employed as a febrifuge and applied externally in fractures.