Calamus vattayila  Renuka

Calamus vattayila  Renuka (PALMAE)
http://pilikula.com/admin/upload/Calamus1.gif http://pilikula.com/admin/upload/Calamus2.gif
Common names
Kannada:
 Devara betha.        
  Malayalam: Ottaman, Vattayilayan.
Tamil: Maniperambu.   

Description: Solitary, high climbing canes, stem up to 30 m long. Leaves up to 1 m long; ecirrate; petioles up to 25 cm long, spiny; rachis with 3 rows of claw-like spines; sheath dark green, sparingly spiny, spines up to 2 cm long; knee conspicuous; ocrea small, 5 mm long; flagellum ca 4 m long; leaflets alternate, elliptic, ca 40 x 10 cm, 6-veined, tip with short bristles. Female inflorescence up to 1 m long. Fruits oblong, ca2.5 x 0.8 cm; scales in 27 rows, longer than broad, not channeled, chestnut brown. Endosperm ruminate.

Flowering : September – October.
Fruiting : April - May.

Distribution: India: In evergreen forests of Western Ghats between 200 -750 m. Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Endemic.

Uses:  A good quality cane used in furniture industry. It however is in short supply.